How the Solar System Formed
Solar system A shows how planetary orbits can coalesce from spinning debris. It’s a theory which begs the question of how the solar system started spinning. Conservation of angular momentum from contraction can only cause an increase in velocity, not an actual increase in angular momentum. Angular momentum has to be constant.


Solar System A
How the Solar System Formed
A-2 shows the logical consequence of A-1.


Solar System Formation Video

Watch the youtube videos:

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Solar System Evolution


Solar System B
In solar system B spinning debris is affected by random objects entering the system.
Solar System  Disintegrates without Spin
It is not enough to sustain a solar system at all.
It soon turns to chaos even with a significant amount of starting spin.
Solar system B is flawed.


Solar system C mimics a binary star system where one of the stars has disintegrated.
Pre-existing spin is now inherent in the orbital structure of the new planets.
How the solar system formed?
This is remarkably similar to the existing orbital shapes within our solar system.
Such structures can only be explained by pre-existing spin.
Here, the star which went nova already had an orbital structure
similar to that required for a planetary system.
Most of the mass from the nova is lost.
But pre-existing spin is required for even a small amount of mass to retain near-circular orbits.
The following diagram shows the shape of orbits beyond Pluto in the Kuiper belt.
How the solar system formed
Solar System C also easily explains why the planets are
within a narrow band on the ecliptic view (side view).
Binary systems must orbit each other on a flat ecliptic plane.


Solar System D
Not only will a Solar System without pre-existing spin tend towards chaos,
but uniform solar systems become easily disrupted by one random body.
Solar System Chaos
The above images show how easily a stable system can be disrupted
with gravity being the only force to hold it together.


Solar system A is the generally accepted theory, but it begs the question as to how the pre solar system mass started spinning.

Solar system C explains this process. The planetary mass is the remnant of the Sun’s twin which went nova sometime in the past. This describes the inherent spin, or uniform circularity of the orbits of the planets. The Sun's dead twin, I have called 'Lucifer'. It is Lucifer's orbital structure which gives the solar system its shape. The rings of saturn and most of the moons within the solar system could only be formed by the nova process, which was not a chaotic explosion, but instead a uniform unwinding process. Lucifer went nova because the force of spin within it, overcame the force of gravity. The uniform near-circular shapes of orbits as well as the orbits being on the ecliptic (flat) can only come about due to spin being a fundamental force. Gravity alone is not enough.

And yet outside the formation process itself, gravity easily sustains a disruptive influence on the system's ongoing uniformity (B & D). This suggests that there is an ongoing force keeping the system in a state of uniform circularity. The ongoing aspect of this force need only be tiny compared to gravity. It only need be strong enough to tip the scales in favor of one direction over another.

This relationship between spin and gravity is similar to the relationship between the wind and the coriolus force in weather formations. The coriolus force is very small relative to the force of the wind, but strong enough to form distinct spiraled patterns in weather formations such as hurricanes and tornadoes. Gravity has always had the ignoble position of being the weakest of the ‘known’ forces. Spin would have to be many times weaker. Speculatively: the entire universe is spinning in extra-dimensional space.

Alternatively, spin as a force may only be needed at the beginning of the formation of the universe. Either way, gravity is not enough on its own to form the existing structures in the visible universe. Gravity, however, is perhaps almost enough to sustain the observed celestial formations.


As I write this sentence, it has been 6 years since I first built the solar system creator game (OG3) showing that spin is required to form a solar system. And yet I have persisted in trying to get solar systems to form using just gravity and randomness. Orbit Game 7 (OG7) demonstrates these attempts.

If there is any possibility that such can occur I need to give it every possible chance. And I have been partially successful in getting something like a solar system to form using gravity and randomness. It required countless attempts at randomness, so that after some time, something like the parameters similar to spin accrued out of sheer luck.

However, the solar systems that formed in such scenarios, overwhelmingly had planets orbiting in opposite directions to one another. Planets that orbit in the same direction spend longer in one another’s gravity field and are thus far more likely to disrupt each other’s orbits or to pull together and form a larger planet. Whereas orbits that run in opposite directions to one another are more likely to form out of randomness as they spend less time in the more powerful vicinity of one another’s gravity field.

In trying to prove the Lucifer thesis wrong, further evidence accrues to prove it correct.

But the implications are deeper than this, for if the many thousands of bodies documented in our solar system just happened to orbit in the same direction without a force of spin due to sheer luck, we should still have orbits that rotate vertically, (that is at a right-angle to the ecliptic plane) because these orbits are the most likely to form using randomness, instead of spin. They will interfere with each other the least; whereas a uniform solar system such as ours is by far and away the least likely to form under randomness.

The very existence of the ecliptic plane should be enough evidence that spin is required to form a solar system. So this can no longer be considered as evidence for the Lucifer theory, instead the solar system creator game is outright proof of such!

The Solar Systm definately formed due to the Sun's twin going nova.


At the end of 2013, I discovered the calculations which show that when a moon is pulled away from a planet, it often drops into a lower concentric orbit around the Sun. (For more detail on this, see this link: why the moon is receding from the earth)

For quite some time I had realized that the Sun was pulling the Moon away from the Earth, but it was by looking at the scenarios over and over again that I came across the parameters which showed the moon landing into a nicely near-circular inner orbit.

I now reconsider this whilst constructing orbit game 7 which has more detail on solar system formation than OG3 and OG6 do. It becomes apparent why it is that the inner planets themselves resemble the make-up and mass of the moons of Jupiter. It seems that it is most likely that the inner planets were once the outermost moons of Jupiter, and that they were eventually pulled away from Jupiter by the Sun. As they interacted with the varying gravitational fields of Jupiter and the Sun, they landed in their nice balanced orbits in much the same manner as orbit game 5 demonstrates; albeit in such a way that they were not obviously recaptured.

If you play around with the parameters of orbit game 5, you will find some settings which show the moon being pulled from the planet and as it heads for the Sun is still under the influence of the planet. Its velocity is held up in such a way that it ends up in that nice uniform inner orbit.

Watching a small body like the moon interacting between two large ones may take some fiddling. So it is clear that most of Lucifer’s debris is swallowed by the Sun itself, but enough remains to land in these concentric orbits. It could also be that Mercury is a lost moon of Venus. And; that Venus and Earth themselves may at one point have been a binary pair. The parameters start to permeate into highly theoretical space at this time. Who knows how orbit game 700 is going to look!?

But OG6 and OG7 mimic the nova of Lucifer by placing the newly formed planets in highly random fashion. They have an average spin similar to an orbit, but other than that they are randomly distributed over a wide area with randomness thrown into their respective momentums.

And in these scenarios, only on a rare occasion does a lunar-like orbit form. What this suggests is that as the star goes nova, the newly formed planets are spinning with a very high angular momentum in a molten state, with spin playing a dominant role over and above the randomness of the explosion.

The force of spin must have been extreme in order to force parts of the molten proto-planet to break up into the concentric patterns required to form planetary systems with the many uniform orbits of (especially) the satellites of Saturn and Jupiter. Randomness cannot account for the concentric orbits of the moons any more than it can account for the concentric orbits of the planets themselves.


Latest Article:
Gravitational Waves & General Relativity

A computational analysis of the theory of gravitational waves; as expressed within Einstein’s Theory of General Relativity and the wider realm of Astrophysics. Essentially a critique, this study has been written for the purpose of explaining the unobvious challenges faced in building graphically dynamic evolutionary computer models. These models compute the theoretical functionality of gravitational waves in the celestial paradigms of solar system formation and galaxy formation.



Click the link below and
Download Orbit Game 6   (2014)
to see the real-time computations.
Version 6 has fixed planetary sizes.

orbit-game-6.exe <<
276 kb

If your PC is set to use the comma as a decimal separator,
then these apps won't work so good.

Click the link below and
Download Orbit Game 7   (2014)
to see the real-time computations.
Version 7 allows for planet sizes to change
via collisions with each other.

orbit-game-7.exe <<
212 kb


Solar System Creation


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Solar System Formation