Relativity & Time


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I encountered some disagreement online with the previous chapter of this thesis which disproved Special Relativity and replaced it with Sum Theory. There was something of a consensus of assumption that because GPS systems could be using some of the mathematics within Relativity – that therefore all of Relativity must be flawless.

The GPS satellite clocks apparently require adjustment because time is said to run faster where there is less gravity according to General Relativity. But we do not need to know why any clock runs a bit faster for us to be on time. All we need to know is: How much faster is the clock? – then adjust it accordingly. This point cannot be emphasized too much.

But how can we know whether it is time itself that changes, or just the clock? I will demonstrate this answer using two thought experiments: Scenario 3A is non-Relativistic, Scenario 3B depicts Relativity.


Scenario 3A:
Ordinary Time

There is no alteration to time itself in this Scenario. Here, the differences in the rate of the on-board clock are not due to time ticking over at different rates, but simply to changes in the rate of the actual device. Gravity will cause friction to slow the mechanism of an analogue clock. (More air could also slow the mechanism.)

Any threshold force required to move an electromagnetic clock will also be slowed by gravity on Earth. As the force on the clock’s hand builds up, the amount of force required to nudge it over the threshold and into the next slot will be more because gravity is impeding the process (as is the air possibly as well.) Atomic clocks should be no different, because the force of gravity and the resistance of air also affect atoms and electrons.

But! If we use a clock on the Earth, and then transmit timed pulses from this Earth-clock via an electromagnetic signal to satellite 3A, then such pulses will arrive at the satellite at the rate at which they departed. There will thus be a noticeable discrepancy between the earth-clock-pulses received by the satellite, and an on-board satellite-clock. The satellite clock runs faster due to its mechanisms working differently because of a lack of gravity with everything operating according to normal non-Relativistic processes.

We can of course, ascribe this increase in the rate of the clock to any reason at all. We can assume the change in the clock is due to General Relativity or to a malicious invisible atheist gnome, or even to God himself, if we so choose.

However the clock will still run faster in less gravity regardless of the reason we decide upon. This is because the measurement of the change on the clock is not the same as the reason for that change.

So if the timing for satellite 3A is out by any margin each time it passes overhead, then all that is required is for an adjustment to its timing mechanism to be made accordingly.


Scenario 3B:
Gravity & Relative Time

Time itself speeds up due to lower gravity in Scenario 3B as the Relativists suggest. Now if time itself speeds up then time must go faster in all respects on the satellite. Every aspect of temporal measurement on the satellite will increase its rate – not only the rate of an on-board mechanism we have labeled ‘clock’.

Absolutely everything on this satellite (3B) must go faster without exception. If a clock starts ticking on Earth and then is transported to satellite 3B, its rate of movement will steadily increase as it approaches, regardless of its origin. This is because the rate of time is dictated by gravity absolutely.

But! (Pay close attention now) – Satellite 3B does not use an on-board clock at all! Instead, Satellite 3B receives electromagnetic pulses from a clock on Earth to do all it’s time keeping. However, as they enter the lower gravity field, the rate of these pulses speeds up because time itself has speeded up. This is because in this scenario everything in the lower gravity must speed up regardless of origin. The rate of time in the pulsing signal sent from Earth is dictated by gravity absolutely.

Such a satellite stays in space for a very long time and absorbs many pulses from the earth-clock and records them on a computer. Many years later satellite 3B parachutes its way down to Earth, all the while receiving pulses from the Earth. After landing, the recorded pulses satellite 3B received from the Earth clock will show a time in advance of the original clock which never left the Earth.

As it returns to Earth, the rate of pulses slows down again, yes, but at no point will the rate be slower than it is on Earth. So the Earth-clock will not be realigned with the computer recordings after landing. The satellite will always show an advanced time – even though after landing the rates are now moving at the same pace. The time on satellite 3B’s computer recording will be, lets say hypothetically, 10 seconds ahead of the Earth-clock.

Now let us suppose that instead of mere pulses of time sent from the Earth, it was simple digital data which was broadcast to the satellite using ordinary computer binary code. Now consider that the digital data is an image of a roulette wheel. So when the satellite is returned to the Earth, it will have with it an image of a roulette wheel showing either Red or Black, 10 seconds in the future…

So a gambler could know with certainty which bet to make. But then what if the image consisted of a photo of the gambler making a wrong bet? When he received the photo, he could change his bet – which is, of course, a contradiction.

So if time itself is altered by gravity then it is possible to see into the future.

If you accept that it is impossible to see into the future because that would result in a logical contradiction, then you have no choice but to abandon the premise of General Relativity that allows for differing rates of time in different amounts of gravity. Thus Scenario 3A must be correct.

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This is an extract summary
The full Chapter 28 is here:





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