Rubin's Problem


Click the link below and
Download Orbit Game 4.3 (August 2014)

orbit-game-4-3.exe <<

orbit-game-4-3.exe demonstrates how the binary pair move away from each other as they lose mass due to stars having being emitted. Thus stars emitted subsequently are effected by a lesser gravitational force, moving them more slowly. The outer and older stars have often reached escape velocity.

If your PC is set to use the comma as a decimal separator,
then these apps won't work so good.
Hello America!
The decimal system is quite a good idea!

Click the link below and
Download Orbit Game 4.2 to see
how these images were generated:

orbit-game-4-2.exe <<

4.2 has random variables you can alter

Click the link below to
Download Orbit Game 4 and see
how these images were generated:

orbit-game-4.exe <<

simplifed version


Rubin;s Problem of galaxies spinning


Rubin's Rotation Curves


Principle of Flight Light and Spin


Galaxy Rotation Curves and Rubin's Problem


Rubin's Curves


Rotation Curves of GalaxiesRubin's Problem


Rubin's Problem and rotation curves of galaxies



Latest Article:
Gravitational Waves & General Relativity

A computational analysis of the theory of gravitational waves; as expressed within Einstein’s Theory of General Relativity and the wider realm of Astrophysics. Essentially a critique, this study has been written for the purpose of explaining the unobvious challenges faced in building graphically dynamic evolutionary computer models. These models compute the theoretical functionality of gravitational waves in the celestial paradigms of solar system formation and galaxy formation.



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Rubin's Problem